Every year, tens of thousands of newcomers create new economic opportunities for themselves and for Canada by joining this country’s labor force. Many come to stay in Canada permanently (as permanent residents) through Canada’s immigration programs for skilled workers, or through the Provincial Nominee Program operated by many of Canada’s provinces and territories. Other newcomers come to Canada to start their own business or to work temporarily to help Canadian employers address short term requirements for employees in special occupations.
Canada is consistently ranked as one of the best countries in the world to live. It is easy to understand why thousands of people choose Canada every year. From its strong, stable economy and vibrant, cosmopolitan cities to the breath-taking beauty of its natural environment, Canada offers newcomers opportunities and a quality of life that are second to none. World class companies are waiting for you. Best for Business’s and Investment.
BILINGUAL AND BI-JURIDICAL
Canada is bilingual, bi-juridical and multi-cultural. It is bilingual in that both English and French are federally mandated official languages. It is bi-juridical as all provinces and territories (other than the Province of Québec) draw from the Common Law system, derived from England. Québec (like the State of Louisiana) is governed by the Civil Law system, derived from the French Napoleonic Code, as reflected in the Civil Code of Lower Canada adopted in 1866 (one year prior to Confederation) and replaced as of January 1st, 1994 by the Civil Code of Québec (the “CCQ”).
LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT AND JURISDICTION
Canada has several levels of government: federal, provincial and municipal. The allocation of jurisdiction between the federal and provincial governments was established under the British North-America Act of 1867 at the time of Confederation.
Generally speaking, most matters regarding private property, commerce and business fall under provincial jurisdiction, with the exception of federally regulated industries such as telecommunications and the railways.
The federal government also deals with matters of bankruptcy, competition, foreign investment, criminal and family law. However, unlike the United States, securities law is a matter of provincial jurisdiction and each province or territory therefore has its own regulator (e.g., the Québec Autorité des marchés financiers and the Ontario Securities Commission), but there is no federal regulator akin to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Whether you are coming to Canada to study, visit, work or live permanently, everyone must meet basic requirements. For example, you must not pose a threat to the health, safety or security of Canada. As well, any record of criminal activity could prevent you from being allowed to come to Canada. This includes convictions for shoplifting or driving while impaired. You also must not provide false information or fraudulent documents, or withhold information that could be related to your application.
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