Which occupational groups will have the most new jobs?
About 820,000 new jobs are expected to be created in the Australian labour market over the five years to November 2017, with employment growth expected in each of the eight major occupational groups.
The largest number of new jobs is expected to be for
- Professionals (up by 247,400 or almost three in every ten new jobs). The numbers of new jobs projected for the less skilled occupational groups are significantly lower
- Machinery Operators and Drivers (53,600 or one in 15 new jobs)
- Labourers (49,800 or one in 16).
Consistent with the very strong growth expected in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry, employment growth for Community and Personal Service Workers is projected to be strong, rising by 11.1% and adding 121,000 jobs.
Which occupations are growing?
Expectations about the change in the number of people employed in each occupation over the five years to November 2017 vary greatly. Some occupations are projected to grow strongly, and others are likely to decline. For large occupations, relatively low growth can create many jobs while strong growth for small occupations is unlikely to add large numbers.
- Employment growth is anticipated in the majority of occupations, but one in five is projected to lose jobs. It is worth noting, though, that job opportunities arise even in occupations where employment is falling, as many job openings are created as people change jobs or retire.
The largest numbers of new jobs are projected to be for
- Sales Assistants and Salespersons (up by 57,300), particularly Sales Assistants, General
- Carers and Aides (57,200), mainly Carers, Aged and Disabled
- Education Professionals (45,500), mainly Teachers, Primary School and Teachers, Secondary School
- Business, Finance and Human Resource Professionals (41,300),
- where half the growth is for Accountants
- Construction Trades (34,700), mainly Carpenters and Joiners.
The strongest projected employment growth to November 2017 is for
- Information Professionals (up by 16.0%), although employment of Librarians is expected to fall
- Health Diagnostic and Therapy Professionals (14.2%), due to
- strong growth for a number of occupations, including Dietitians and Physiotherapists
- Carers and Aides (13.6%), mainly Care Workers, Special, and Carers, Aged and Disabled and Dental Assistants
- Health and Welfare Support Workers (13.4%), with strong growth for a number of occupations, including Ambulance Officers and Paramedics, and Massage Therapists
- Corporate Managers (12.4%), especially for Managers, Corporate Services and Managers, Advertising and Sales.
Employment is expected to fall in the following occupational clusters over the five years to November 2017
- Farmers and Farm Managers (down by 12,100 or 7.4%), mainly due to a fall for Farmers, Mixed Crop and Livestock
- Factory Process Workers (4,300 or 2.0%), in large part due to a projected fall for Process Workers, Timber and Wood
- Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers (2,000 or 1.9%), mostly for Farm Workers, Crop
- Jewellers, Arts and Other Trades Workers (600 or 1.1%), mainly Plant Operators, Chemical, Gas, Petroleum and Power and Gallery, Library and Museum Technicians
- Hairdressers, Printing, Clothing and Wood Trades (300 or 0.2%), mainly Canvas and Leather Goods Makers and Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers.
What factors affect an occupation’s prospects?
Many factors affect the number of job opportunities available in an occupation. These include
Number employed – in simple terms, the larger an occupation, the more likely there are to be jobs in every location.
Employment growth – this can be an indicator of demand. Historical employment growth tells you how many new jobs have been created and projected growth gives you an insight into how many additional jobs there will be in the future.
Shortages – may mean there are currently good opportunities in an occupation for people with those skills and experience. Some shortages, though, are for highly experienced or specialist workers and new graduates may find it difficult to gain initial employment. Shortages vary by location and change over time.
Job turnover – is the annual percentage of employees who move out of the occupation into other occupations, retirement or unemployment plus employees who change jobs within the same occupation. Turnover creates opportunities in all occupations when workers need to be replaced.
Occupations can be classified into indicative skill levels based on the complexity of the work undertaken and the level of qualification (or skill) needed. Generally, the higher the skill level, the greater the amount of formal education or training, previous experience and on-the-job training required to competently perform the set of tasks for that occupation. For many occupations, some years of relevant experience can substitute for formal qualifications and people working in some skilled occupations may have gained their skills on-the-job rather than through formal training.
Most jobs in Australia are highly skilled, with more than 3.4 million workers employed in an occupation assessed at Skill Level 1 (equivalent to a bachelor degree or higher qualification). These jobs are generally Managers and Professionals. Combined, occupations at Skill Level 2 and Skill Level 3 (which are equivalent to a vocational education and training qualification at the certificate III or higher level) account for slightly more than 3.0 million workers. The range of occupations in this category is very broad, such as Primary Products Inspectors, Motor Mechanics, Electricians and Cooks, as well as Police, Funeral Workers, Financial Brokers and Veterinary Nurses.
Skilled Independent Regional applicants: For those who meet the basic requirements and who wish to live and work in a regional or low population growth area in Australia. This pass mark is currently the lowest of all the skilled independent categories and applications under this category receive priority processing at the Adelaide Skilled Processing Centre
Independent applicants: For those who meet the basic requirements and do not have a family sponsor – this category is the most popular Skilled migration category and is the easiest to come under
Skill matching: For those who may or may not meet the points test and are seeking to be nominated by an Australian State/Territory or employer
State Territory Nominated Independent: For skilled migrants who have been nominated by a participating State or Territory
Independent 0verseas Student: For foreign students currently studying or recently having completed a two-year or longer course of study in Australia (must be in Australia on a substantive visa to be able to apply)
Australian sponsored: For those skilled applicants who have close family members living in major cities in Australia (i.e. not in the Designated Areas)
Designated Area sponsored: For those skilled applicants who have close family members living in one of the Designated Areas in Australia
Australian sponsored and Designated Area sponsored overseas student: For foreign students who have family in Australia and have recently completed a programme of study in Australia